Since then, he has received two unique honors. Inhe became the only Christian martyr of the Cultural Revolution to have a monument erected at his gravesite.
Then inhe was one of ten 20th century Christian martyrs memorialized above the Great West Door of Westminster Abbey with a statue. These statues represent those who died in the name of Christ in the century marked by the greatest number of martyrdoms in the history of the church.
NichollsGeorge E. Metcalf and Gladstone Porteous first began work there. Their work among minority people, especially the Miao in Wuding, saw much fruit. Five years later half of the Christians in Yunnan reportedly lived in the prefecture which included Wuding. Wang was educated in Christian schools and later taught in one for ten years.
In he was elected chairman of the church council in Wuding, and he was ordained in at the age of Still, he refused to participate in denunciation meetings held to humiliate landlords, saying, "My hands have baptized many converts, and should not be used for sinfulness".
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This was undoubtedly one of the reasons that, even before the Cultural Revolution, Wang was declared a counter-revolutionary. During the Cultural Revolution —at least 21 Christian leaders in Wuding were imprisoned, and many others were sent to camps, denounced or beaten. One later stated. I cannot recall how many times I was made to kneel on the rubble and how much blood flowed from my knees due to their sharp edges. When I could not hold out and fell to the ground, merciless beatings followed.
Then I was pulled up and forced to salute the portrait of Chairman Mao. My refusal to do so resulted in another round of beating up. Vicious cycles went on and on. This only paused for a little while when I almost lost consciousness. InWang Zhiming and his wife and sons were arrested.
On December 29,Wang was executed in a stadium in front of more than 10, people. The largely Christian crowd was not cowed into submission by the spectacle, but rather many rushed the stand where they berated the prosecuting official.
However, the real compensation for the great suffering of Wang and the other Christians in Wuding has come in church growth.It is situated on the Taiwan Strait west of the city of Chang-huawith which its fortunes have been closely linked.
Lu-kang was formerly one of the chief ports of Taiwan, and it absorbed many immigrants from the Chinese mainland cities of Xiamen Amoy and Fuzhou Fu-chou in the late 17th and early 18th centuries. At one time, early in the 19th century, it is said to have had a population ofIt is now important for salt manufacturing and for such handicrafts as hat making. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback.
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Alternative Titles: Lu-chiang, Lugang, Lujiang. Britannica Quiz. Learn More in these related Britannica articles: Chang-hua.
Kang Kyung Wha: Ngoại trưởng nữ đầu tiên & Hình mẫu lý tưởng của giới trẻ Hàn Quốc
Chang-huacounty hsienor xianwest-central Taiwan. Chang-hua city, in the north of the county, is the administrative seat. Taiwanisland in the western Pacific Ocean that lies roughly miles km off the coast of southeastern China.
It is approximately miles km long north-south and 90 miles km across at its widest point. Taipei, in…. The strait extends from southwest to northeast…. History at your fingertips. Sign up here to see what happened On This Dayevery day in your inbox! Email address. By signing up, you agree to our Privacy Notice. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox.Its discovery in was first described by J.
Woo the following year. A skull found at Gongwangling is the oldest fossil of a Homo erectus ever found in northern Asia. When first published init was dated to 1. This new confirmed date makes the cranium the second oldest site outside of Africa, DmanisiGeorgia being the oldest. Until the s it had been commonly accepted that comparisons between European and Asian Paleolithic cultures were not possible.
The common thinking was that there was too great a difference between their tool technologies. In the s a researcher, H. Movius, proposed that the Paleolithic West was made up of "hand axe cultures", while the East had "chopper-chopping tool cultures". Twenty-six lithic artifacts were uncovered in the same loess sedimentary deposit as the cranium from the Gongwangling site in Lantian County, China.
The artifacts consisted of cores, flakes, choppers, hand-axes, spheroids, and scrapers. This means that the tool technology is not different, and still consists of more large hand tools e.
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Views Read Edit View history. Help Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies.The City in the Third World pp Cite as. Bounded on the north by New Bridge Road and on the south by South Bridge Road, it is one of a grid of streets evidently laid out shortly after 1. It is about one-eighth of a mile long, and is bounded both ends by busy one-way streets carrying a good deal of the cross-city traffic, which give it an isolation of its own.
Apart from two vacant lots, on one of which a shack has been built, and the back of a Chinese temple opening into Upper Hokkien Street, it consists entirely of two- and three-storey shophouses, built back-to-back to similar rows in the parallel streets: Upper Chin Chew Street on the west, and Upper Hokkien Street on the east. There is no means of communication between these back-to-back houses, and this tends to train social interest towards the street itself.
In the street there is a great deal of activity most of the day: people coming from and going to work; itinerant hawkers selling cooked foods and other commodities; the activity stemming from the shops, some of which are in fact workshops, or small factories; children playing on the stairs and on the pavements; people gossiping; and so forth. Unable to display preview.
Google Scholar. Ju-Kang Tien Personalised recommendations. Cite chapter How to cite? ENW EndNote.Interviews with Anthropologists is a collection of 91 interviews made by Alan Macfarlane between and Details of the full collection of anthropologist interviews can be browsed on DSpace Cambridge by clicking here.
Interviews with Anthropologists is part of a wider collection of Film Interviews with Leading Thinkers, which can be found here. Akbar Ahmed Akbar Ahmed describes his family background, life as a colonial officer in Pakistan, and role as an analyst and spokesman for Islamic civilization.
George Appell Interview of George Appell in which he talks frankly about his life and his work as an anthropologist in Borneo. Asen Balikci An interview with Asen Balikci about his life and work in anthropology, particularly in the Arctic regions.
Michael Banton A survey of his life and work at Edinburgh and elsewhere, including extensive work on race relations, various people including Shils, Popper and Gellner. John Beattie John Beattie talks of how he came to be an anthropologist and why he came to work in East Africa. The influence of Audrey Richards, Evans-Pritchard and others is described. Andre Beteille Andre Beteille speaks of his childhood and natural inclination to anthropology, his training, fieldwork in Dehli and the influence of his supervisor, M.
Maurice Bloch An interview on the life and work of the anthropologist Maurice Bloch. Jeremy Boissevain Jeremy Boissevain talks of his education, his move into anthropology and his career. In particular he describes his work in network theory and Malta. Philippe Descola Talk to anthropology seminar at Cambridge University by Philippe Descola on 'Ontologies', followed by questions and discussion. Mary Douglas An interview of Mary Douglas the anthropologist in which she talks about her life and work in Africa and elsewhere.
Scarlett Epstein Interview on the life and work of Scarlett Epstein from her childhood in Vienna, through to her work as an anthropologist and development expert in New Guinea and India. Stephan Feuchtwang An interview on the life and work of Stephan Feuchtwang, the anthropologist of China. Ruth Finnegan Interview of Ruth Finnegan. Meyer Fortes Meyer Fortes gives a lecture on Tallensi divination before a selected audience of graduates and under-graduates in Cambridge.
Ronald Frankenberg An interview with Ronald Frankenberg about his training in anthropology, contacts with other anthropologists such as Gluckman, and fieldwork in a Welsh border village. Christoph von Furer-Haimendorf A long interview of the many fieldwork projects and books of Professor Haimendorf. Peter Gathercole An interview about the life and work of Peter Gathercole. Clifford Geertz Clifford Geertz talks of his childhood and education. Jack Goody Jack Goody describes his education, his time as a prisoner of war in Italy and his later career as a distinguished anthropologist in Cambridge.
Stephen Gudeman An interview of the economic anthropologist Stephen Gudeman, talking about his life and work. Chris Hann An interview of the anthropologist Chris Hann, talking about his life and work. Les Hiatt Interview with Les Hiatt about his training and work as an anthropologist. Paul Hockings Interview on the life and work of Paul Hockings in India and in the field of visual anthropology.
Wendy James An interview with the anthropologist Wendy James about her life and work. Jones G. Jones tells of his childhood, his long service in Nigeria as a colonial officer, his return to Cambridge to teach colonial cadets and other anthropologists. Edmund Leach Edmund Leach talks of his youth and early years in China. Lehman Chris Lehman describes his family background in Burma.Virtual reality VR creates an exercise environment in which the intensity of practice and positive feedback can be systematically manipulated in various contexts.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the training effects of a VR intervention on reaching behaviors in children with cerebral palsy CP. A single-subject design A-B with follow-up was used. All children were evaluated with 3 baseline, 4 intervention, and 2 follow-up measures.
A 4-week individualized VR training program 2 hours per week with 2 VR systems was applied to all children. The outcome measures included 4 kinematic parameters movement time, path length, peak velocity, and number of movement units for mail-delivery activities in 3 directions neutral, outward, and inward and the Fine Motor Domain of the Peabody Developmental Motor Scales—Second Edition PDMS Visual inspection and the 2-standard-deviation—band method were used to compare the outcome measures.
The improvements in kinematics were partially maintained during follow-up. A 4-week individualized VR training program appeared to improve the quality of reaching in children with CP, especially in children with normal cognition and good cooperation. The training effects were retained in some children after the intervention.
Virtual reality VR is a computer technology that creates a virtual context and objects that allow for interactions with users. Such a spatial representation allows for visual feedback relating to knowledge of performance and guidance, which are crucial for motor learning in children with CP. Reid 16 used a VR play-based system to train 4 children with spastic CP and aged between 8 and 12 years. Children with CP received one VR training session per week; each session lasted 1.
The intervention session mainly focused on using arm movements to interact with objects on the computer screen. Two of the 4 children with CP showed minimal improvements in the QUEST score, whereas all 4 children showed increases in the number of successful contacts in touching the swinging ball. Overall, the children were found to have a high degree of motivation for, interest in, and opportunity for engaging in play activities during the intervention.
The results of that case study suggested that VR training may motivate children with CP to engage in repeated practice of reaching behaviors.
However, the limited efficacy of VR for improving UE function may be related to the outcome measure ie, QUEST not being sensitive enough to capture an improvement in reaching in these children. A more sensitive assessment tool, such as kinematic measures, may be more effective for detecting qualitative changes in movements.
The previous findings implicated the potential of using VR as an alternative intervention for children with CP. However, there is still a lack of published literature examining the effectiveness of a VR intervention for improving reaching behaviors in children with CP. The previous case study did not use sensitive outcome measures and did not report improvements over time.
All participants were recruited from the outpatient physical therapy departments of 2 medical centers in Taipei, Taiwan, and volunteered upon hearing of the study. Children were included if they were able to follow verbal instructions in the reaching task, reach forward for more than half of their arm length, and grasp a tennis ball with flexed fingers and if they had normal or corrected-to-normal vision and hearing.
All relevant information either was obtained from their medical records or was reported by their physical therapists.To compare the effects of dry needling and physiotherapy in treatment of myofascial pain syndrome, a randomized controlled trial was performed on 28 patients with myofascial pain syndrome MPS of upper trapezius muscle in the Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Center of Shohadaye Tajrish The article presents the result of the clinical study "Clinical massage and modified Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation stretching in males with latent myofascial trigger points.
Objective: To evaluate the impact of an eight-week strength training program targeting multiple muscle groups using basic inexpensive free weights and resistance devices, on gait and perceptions of body image and functional competence. Design: A randomized control trial. Setting: A school for Very few objective data exist regarding aerobic performance in young people with cerebral palsy CP. The characterization of aerobic fitness could provide baseline and outcome measures for the rehabilitation of young people with CP.
The objective of this study was to Objectives: The aim of this work was to show the effect of mesh glove sensory stimulation on spasticity control in hemiplegic C. P children. Method: Thirty children were enrolled in this study and randomly assigned into two groups; group A mesh glove sensory stimulation plus traditional Background and Purpose Virtual reality VR creates an exercise environment in which the intensity of practice and positive feedback can be systematically manipulated in various contexts.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the training effects of a VR intervention on reaching behaviors Introduction: Total hip arthroplasty THA is one of the treatment options in patients with cerebral palsy CP with painful osteoarthritis of the hip. However, the risk of dislocation of the prosthesis is higher in patients with CP when compared with physically normal patients.
In this Objective To compare gross motor function outcomes in children with moderate to severe degrees of bilateral spastic cerebral palsy CP who received either intensive inpatient rehabilitation or intermittent rehabilitation on an outpatient basis. Methods A non-biased retrospective chart review This literature review uses the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health to describe the quality and variety of the studies of botulinum toxin in children with cerebral palsy since Articles were identified via electronic query and then reviewed for strength of Or enter your postal code and country to search by location: optional.